How does a tens unit work?

TENS unit has adjustable settings to control the amplitude (or intensity) of electric stimulation by controlling the voltage. Current, and pulse width (duration) of each pulse. Electrodes are placed at specific sites on a user’s body depending on the physical location of their pain. The machine sends electrical current that travels through electrodes and into the skin stimulating specific nerve pathways to produce a tingling or massaging sensation that reduces the perception of pain. When a Tens Unit is used as directed, T.E.N.S. is a safe, noninvasive, drug-free method of pain management. A TENS unit is used to offer a better quality of life for people with pain.

What does the tens unit do?

There are two major pain theories to explain how a TENS unit works to relieve pain. One theory is called The Gate Control Theory and is the most advanced explanation. The gate-control theory suggests that there’s a neural mechanism in spinal cord that acts as a kind of gate, shutting down or opening up the flow of signals from the periphery to the brain. Whether the gate is open, closed or partially closed depends on what sort of signal it receives from the brain to change the perception of pain in the user’s body. These frequencies interfere with the transmission of pain messages at the so spinal cord level, and help block their transmission to the brain.

Another theory is called The Endorphin Release, which suggests that electrical impulses stimulate the production of endorphins and enkaphalins in the body. These natural morphine-like substances block pain messages from reaching the brain, in a similar fashion to conventional drug therapy, but without the danger of dependence of other side effects.

TENS machines are used by hundreds of thousands of pain sufferers all over the world for the relief of many types of physical pain from back to knee to neck pain. This is why hundreds of doctors, nurses, and patient technicians often recommend that their patients use a T.E.N.S. unit for minor and major pain relief. The most trusted source for medical information for doctors and health professionals is the Merck manual. The Merck manual suggests Tens Therapy for pain Relief. (to read more about this click here)

Some common uses for TENS treatment are: acute and chronic pain, post op incisions and post surgical pain, labor, and delivery, migraine and tension headaches, acute pain from sports and other injuries, arthritis, chronic pain from tendentious and bursitis, cancer pain, and wound healing.

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